Some have suggested that kephale should best be understood as "source" instead, but others say that this has little legitimacy. I would like to review the literary evidence for kephale as "source." The first and most interesting example is from an Orphic fragment,
- Zeus is the first. Zeus the thunderer, is the last.
Zeus is the head (kephale). Zeus is the middle, and by Zeus all things were fabricated.
Zeus is male, Immortal Zeus is female.
Zeus is the foundation of the earth and of the starry heaven.
Zeus is the breath of all things. Zeus is the rushing of indefatigable fire.
Zeus is the root of the sea: He is the Sun and Moon.
Zeus is the king; He is the author of universal life;
One Power, one Dæmon, the mighty prince of all things:
One kingly frame, in which this universe revolves,
Fire and water, earth and ether, night and day,
And Metis (Counsel) the primeval father, and all-delightful Eros (Love).
All these things are United in the vast body of Zeus.
Would you behold his head and his fair face,
It is the resplendent heaven, round which his golden locks
Of glittering stars are beautifully exalted in the air.
On each side are the two golden taurine horns,
The risings and settings, the tracks of the celestial gods;
His eyes the sun and the Opposing moon;
His unfallacious Mind the royal incorruptible Ether.
- A.beginning, origin,νείκεος ἀ. Il.22.116 ; πήματοςOd.8.81 ; φόνου21.4 , etc.; opp. τέλος, Hdt.7.51, etc.; opp. τελευτή, Thgn.607, cf. Pl.Lg.715e, Hp.Morb.1.1; ἀ. γενέσθαικακῶνHdt.5.97 ; ἀ. ποιήσασθαίτινοςTh.1.128 , And.2.37, Isoc.12.120, etc.; ἀ. λαβεῖντινόςAeschin.1.11 ; τὰςἀρχὰςεἰληφέναιPlb.4.28.3 ; ἀρχὴνὑποθέσθαι lay a foundation,D.3.2, etc.; βαλέσθαιPl.Ep.326e (and Pass., ἀρχαὶβέβληνταιPi.N.1.8 ); ἀρχὴνἄρχεσθαίτινοςPl.Ti.36e ; source of action, [ὁἄνθρωπος]ἔχειἀρχὴνἐλευθέραν Plot.3.3.4 .
PS Thanks to those who commented on my googling difficulty with my school blog. It nows googles appropriately. Apparently I was not patient enough.